How to Hope: Lessons from the Israelites and Their Messianic Expectation, Part 39 (Second Coming Chapel Sermon #254)

TEXT: Psalm 110

1 The Lord said unto my Lord, Sit thou at my right hand, until I make thine enemies thy footstool.

2 The Lord shall send the rod of thy strength out of Zion: rule thou in the midst of thine enemies.

3 Thy people shall be willing in the day of thy power, in the beauties of holiness from the womb of the morning: thou hast the dew of thy youth.

4 The Lord hath sworn, and will not repent, Thou art a priest for ever after the order of Melchizedek.

5 The Lord at thy right hand shall strike through kings in the day of his wrath.

6 He shall judge among the heathen, he shall fill the places with the dead bodies; he shall wound the heads over many countries.

7 He shall drink of the brook in the way: therefore shall he lift up the head.


J.C. Ryle said, “A true Christian has a good hope when he looks ahead: the worldly man has none. A true Christian sees light in the distance: the worldly man sees nothing but darkness. And what is the hope of a true Christian? It is just this, – that Jesus Christ is coming again, coming without sin, – coming with all His people, – coming to wipe away every tear, – coming to raise His sleeping saints from the grave, – coming to gather together all His family, that they may be for ever with Him. Why is a believer patient? Because he looks for the coming of the Lord. He can bear hard things without murmuring. He knows the time is short. He waits quietly for the King.”

Vance Havner said, “Vance Havner - When I studied arithmetic, I remembered that the answers were in the back of the book. No matter how I floundered among my problems, the correct solution was on the last page. I have failed often in working out life's problems, and I dwell in the midst of a people who are hopelessly trying to untangle the riddle of this present age. But I am cheered by one unfailing uncertainty-there is a Book that solves the enigma and the answer is in the back of the Book, "Behold I come quickly." "Even so, come, Lord Jesus."”

In our last set of messages in this series, we looked at the Messianic Psalm 72. Today we are looking at another Messianic Psalm in Psalm 110. Here are three things that we can learn about the Second Coming of Christ from this passage.

First, Jesus is the ruler of the earth. Psalm 110:1-3 reads, “The Lord said unto my Lord, Sit thou at my right hand, until I make thine enemies thy footstool. The Lord shall send the rod of thy strength out of Zion: rule thou in the midst of thine enemies. Thy people shall be willing in the day of thy power, in the beauties of holiness from the womb of the morning: thou hast the dew of thy youth.” The first thing we see is Jesus’ divine right to rule. David writes in this psalm that God has set Jesus at His right hand. These verses look towards the future, after Jesus’ crucifixion. We are told in Ephesians 1:20-22 that Jesus is sitting at the right hand of God the Father and all things have been put under His feet. Charles Spurgeon said, “It is in and through the church that for the present the power of the Messiah is known. Jehovah has given to Jesus all authority in the midst of his people, whom he rules with his royal sceptre, and this power goes forth with divine energy from the church for the ingathering of the elect, and the subduing of all evil. We have need to pray for the sending out of the rod of divine strength. It was by his rod that Moses smote the Egyptians, and wrought wonders for Israel, and even so whenever the Lord Jesus sends forth the rod of his strength, our spiritual enemies are overcome. There may be an allusion here to Aaron's rod which budded and so proved his power; this was laid up in the ark, but our Lord's rod is sent forth to subdue his foes. This promise began to be fulfilled at Pentecost, and it continues even to this day, and shall yet have a grander fulfilment. O God of eternal might, let the strength of our Lord Jesus be more clearly seen, and let the nations see it as coming forth out of the midst of thy feeble people, even from Zion, the place of thine abode. Rule thou in the midst of thine enemies as he does whenever his mighty sceptre of grace is stretched forth to renew and save them. Moses' rod brought water out of the flinty rock, and the gospel of Jesus soon causes repentance to flow in rivers from the once hardened heart of man. Or the text may mean that though the church is situated in the midst of a hostile world, yet it exerts a great influence, it continues to manifest an inward majesty, and is after all the ruling power among the nations because the shout of a king is in her midst. Jesus, however hated by men, is still the King of kings. His rule is over even the most unwilling, so as to overrule their fiercest opposition to the advancement of Iris cause. Jesus, it appears from this text, is not inactive during his session at Jehovah's right hand, but in his own way proves the abiding nature of his kingdom both in Zion and from Zion, both among his friends and his foes. We look for the clearer manifestation of his almighty power in the latter days; but even in these waiting times we rejoice that to the Lord all power is given in heaven and in earth.” Jesus is currently seated at the right hand of God the Father, but one day He will return and all his enemies will be subjugated by Him. In that day, the followers of God, in the beauty of their holiness are ready and willing to accept His rule. When Jesus returns, will you be one of those welcoming His rule?

Second, Jesus is our eternal priest. Psalm 110:4 reads, “The Lord hath sworn, and will not repent, Thou art a priest for ever after the order of Melchizedek.” The Bible tells us that God has sworn this statement and will not go back on it. Melchizedek appears in 3 verses in Genesis 14, to bless Abraham on God’s behalf after Abraham fought the tribes who took captive his brother’s people. Steven J. Cole wrote, “Melchizedek is mentioned only in Genesis 14:18-20, here in Psalm 110:4, and in Hebrews. His name in Hebrew means “king of righteousness.” He was the king of Salem. In Genesis, he seems to come out of nowhere, he refreshes Abraham with bread and wine after Abraham returns from battle, he blesses him, and receives a tithe of Abraham’s spoils. He is called a priest of God Most High. A priest acts as a mediator between God and man. Melchizedek stood between God and Abraham to confer God’s blessing on Abraham, and to receive the tithes from Abraham to present to God. Hebrews 7 explains that Melchizedek served as a type of Christ. The author to the Hebrews was writing to second-generation Jewish Christians who were facing persecution and were tempted to give up on Christianity and go back to Judaism. The author wants to convince them of the superiority of Jesus Christ over the Jewish system. To summarize Hebrews 7, he brings in Melchizedek to show that Christ, as a priest after the order of Melchizedek, is superior to the Levitical priesthood. He is superior in that, unlike Jewish kings who couldn’t act as priests and priests who couldn’t be king, Jesus is both priest and king. Jesus is superior because He is an eternal priest who offers a better covenant through which we may draw near to God. Jesus is superior in that He didn’t need to offer daily sacrifices for His own sin before He offered sacrifices for the people, as the Levitical priests did. The bottom line is, Jesus “is able to save forever those who draw near to God through Him, since He always lives to make intercession for them”. The author to the Hebrews and David are saying that Messiah Jesus is not just a human priest. He is God in human flesh, the only way that sinful people can draw near to God. To think correctly about Christ, you must understand that He is a divine, eternal priest between God and man after the order of Melchizedek.” Just as Melchizedek was a mediator between God and Abraham, just as the Hebrew priests were mediators between the Jews and God, Jesus is a mediator between us and God. He offers Himself as the sacrifice and blesses us on God’s behalf. Have you accepted the mediating work of Jesus so that you can be saved from hell?

Third, Jesus is the judge of the world. Psalm 110:5-7 said, “The Lord at thy right hand shall strike through kings in the day of his wrath. He shall judge among the heathen, he shall fill the places with the dead bodies; he shall wound the heads over many countries. He shall drink of the brook in the way: therefore shall he lift up the head.” This last few verses refers to the judgment that Jesus will bring to bear against the nations of the earth upon His return as described in Revelation 19. David Guzik said, “The favor and strength of the Messiah (Your right hand) is aligned with, and an instrument of, the strength of God (the Lord). The second part of the psalm carries the King into the battlefield. He comes forth from the throne, where He sat at Jehovah’s right hand, and now Jehovah stands at His right hand. Now the Lord and his King act as one, and the army of volunteers which was seen in verse 3 is no longer in the picture. The battle is the Lord’s, yet he and his King are so united. With the authority mentioned in verse 2, the strength of the Messiah extends out of Zion and brings the righteous judgment of God against even the greatest kings. In His conquest, the Messiah will exercise His authority over all nations, bringing His judgment. He shall fill the places with dead bodies seems to anticipate the slaughter at the Battle of Armageddon. The choice for every man is being crushed beneath His foot, or being exalted to sit with Him on His throne. ‘He that overcometh, to him will I give to sit down with Me on My throne, even as I also overcame, and am set down with My Father on His throne.’ It is better to sit on His throne than to be His footstool.” While the rebellious nations of the world receive their judgment, the Messiah Himself is refreshed and exalted. Curiously, many commentators take ‘He shall drink’ as a reference to the Messiah’s humiliation. It is better to see it as His refreshment on the day of battle. “Psalm 110:7 is usually taken as depicting the King as pausing in His victorious pursuit of the flying foe to drink, like Gideon’s men, from the brook, and then with renewed vigour pressing on.” He shall lift up the head means that he shall be delivered from all his sorrows and sufferings, and exalted to great glory, and joy, and felicity; as, on the contrary, to hang down the head, is a signification of great grief and shame. His own head shall be lifted high in victory, and his people, in him, shall be upraised also.” These verses use the imagery of a warrior-king pursuing and slaying his enemies to show the Messiah conquering the earth at His second coming, We need to understand that God is coming one day in the future to declare judgment against the earth. You need to make sure that you are prepared. If you are a Christian, you need to make sure that you are living the way God wants you to so that you will be seen as a faithful servant when He returns. If you are not a Christian, you need to be saved so that your name will be in the book of life and you will no longer be in danger of hell.


Now, if you are not a believer in Jesus Christ, I urge you to trust in Him because He is coming again and you do not want to be left behind. Here is how you can place your faith and trust in Him for Salvation from sin and the consequences of sin.

First, accept the fact that you are a sinner, and that you have broken God's law. The Bible says in Romans 3:23: "For all have sinned and come short of the glory of God."

Second, accept the fact that there is a penalty for sin. The Bible states in Romans 6:23: "For the wages of sin is death…"

Third, accept the fact that you are on the road to hell. Jesus Christ said in Matthew 10:28: "And fear not them which kill the body, but are not able to kill the soul: but rather fear him which is able to destroy both soul and body in hell." Also, the Bible states in Revelation 21:8: "But the fearful, and unbelieving, and the abominable, and murderers, and whoremongers and sorcerers, and idolaters, and all liars, shall have their part in the lake which burneth with fire and brimstone: which is the second death."

Now that is bad news, but here's the good news. Jesus Christ said in John 3:16: "For God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have everlasting life." Just believe in your heart that Jesus Christ died for your sins, was buried, and rose from the dead by the power of God for you so that you can live eternally with Him. Pray and ask Him to come into your heart today, and He will.

Romans 10:9 & 13 says, “That if thou shalt confess with thy mouth the Lord Jesus, and shalt believe in thine heart that God hath raised him from the dead, thou shalt be saved… For whosoever shall call upon the name of the Lord shall be saved."

If you believe that Jesus Christ died on the Cross for your sins, was buried, and rose from the dead, and you want to trust Him for your Salvation today, please pray with me this simple prayer: Holy Father God, I realize that I am a sinner and that I have done some bad things in my life. I am sorry for my sins, and today I choose to turn from my sins. For Jesus Christ sake, please forgive me of my sins. I believe with all of my heart that Jesus Christ died for me, was buried, and rose again. I trust Jesus Christ as my Savior and I choose to follow Him as Lord from this day forward. Lord Jesus, please come into my heart and save my soul and change my life today. Amen.

If you just trusted Jesus Christ as your Saviour, and you prayed that prayer and meant it from your heart, I declare to you that based upon the Word of God, you are now saved from Hell and you are on your way to Heaven. Welcome to the family of God! Congratulations on doing the most important thing in life and that is receiving Jesus Christ as your Lord and Saviour. For more information to help you grow in your newfound faith in Christ, go to Gospel Light and read "What To Do After You Enter Through the Door." Jesus Christ said in John 10:9, "I am the door: by me if any man enter in, he shall be saved, and shall go in and out, and find pasture."

God loves you. We love you. And may God bless you.